Great Canadian LAKES 
History 
Ecosystem 
First Nations 
Recreation 
Bras d'OrLake/NovaScotia

Bras d'Or Lake Video Index
The Muse
Scots
Bell in Flight
Hydrodrome
Bell's Boat
Bell Museum
Bras d'Or Lake
The Heart of Cape Breton
Nova Scotia

Located in the centre of Cape Breton Island, Bras d'Or Lake almost splits the land in two. At 1,099 square km and 95 km long, Bras d'Or is the largest lake in Nova Scotia. A saltwater inland-sea, it has two canals that introduce both salt water and a variety of marine life to the lake. Recreation activities on the lake include fishing, boating, swimming and camping.


The Mi'kmaq were the earliest inhabitants of the area. Providing the only access to the island's interior, the lake quickly became a transportation route for settlers. In the 1630s a trading post was built at St. Peter's. Late in the 18th century, Loyalists settled on the lake's shores, soon to be followed by the Scottish immigrants that would shape the course of cultural development on the lake. Baddeck, one of the largest towns on the lake, was a shipbuilding centre.

Alexander Graham Bell and his wife came to Bras d'Or Lake in 1885, after the success of the telephone had freed him to do other experiments. They lived near Baddeck, creating work for locals in both traditional occupations such as farming and those related to his experiments. One of his most famous achievements was helping to design the Silver Dart, the first airplane to fly in Canada and the British Empire.


Gaelic Settlement
Scottish settlers greatly influenced the region’s culture. Learn more here.
Invaders Attack
A single-celled parasite is upsetting Bras d’Or Lake’s oyster population. Learn more here.
Kluscap Mountain – Sacred Site
The aboriginal Mi’kmaq Nation people have lived in the Bras d’Or Lake region for centuries. Learn more here.
Much To Do
Festivals, campgrounds, boating, fishing, hiking and biking attract tourists to Bras d’Or’s shores. Learn more here.